What Causes BV Infection? Know The Common Causes

By on February 27, 2016

BV infection or bacterial vaginosis is also called nonspecific vaginitis. This is a kind of vaginal problem which can result in vaginal discharge due to the overgrowth of bacteria in the vaginal area.

Previously, this condition was known as Gardnerella vaginitis where Gardnerella was the name of the bacteria causing this condition.

The new name i.e. bacterial vaginosis confirms the fact that there are actually different species of bacteria naturally living in the vagina and growing to excess.

The other species of bacteria that can also cause bacterial vaginosis include Bacteroides, Lactobacillus, Eubacterium, Fusobacterium and Peptostreptococcus.

So, What Causes BV Infection?

Let us have a look at what causes BV infection in women below:

What Causes BV Infection


It is necessary for the vagina to contain good amount of lactic acid. If a woman’s vagina is not acidic, it might provide good chances of growth for other bacteria. There are different activities and behaviors that can greatly affect the balance of bacterial flora that appears naturally in the vagina.

This increases the chances of experiencing BV infection. One such activity is douching. Douching is the use of medicated solution or water for cleaning the vagina. This can always result in BV infection.

Using Antiseptic Liquids for Bath

Using certain antiseptic liquids for regular baths can increase the risk of developing BV infection. Therefore, women are always advised to use normal water for their regular baths. Perfumed bubble baths and use of scented soaps can also cause BV infection.


Smoking is one of the most common causes of bacterial vaginosis. Women who smoke excessively are at an increased risk of developing BV infection.

Use of Detergents and Deodorants

The use of vaginal deodorants and washing underwear by making use of strong and powerful detergents can cause BV infection.

Use of Intrauterine Devices

Using IUD or intrauterine devices like contraceptive tools made of copper or plastic that fit within the uterus can result in BV infection.

Photo Credits: onlinedoctor.lloydspharmacy.com

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