Know The Various Types Of Kidney Disease In Humans

By on November 28, 2014

Kidney disease refers to any kind of condition, disorder or disease that can affect your kidneys. Kidney diseases can either be acute or chronic.

People who are affected with acute kidney problems can recover quickly after undergoing the treatment.

Whereas, people with chronic kidney disease may need various types of treatments, but still it is unsure about 100 percent recovery of the damaged kidneys.

Common Types of Kidney Diseases in Humans

Here are the most common types of kidney diseases in humans

Kidney Stones

Types Of Kidney Disease In HumansKidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract. Kidney stone is medically termed as Nephrolithiasis. This condition causes flank pain and even blood in the urine.

Usually stones develop when there is decreased urine volume and excess of stone forming substances in the urine.

Dehydration is one of the major risk factor for kidney stone formation. Hereditary factors may also play a great role in the formation of kidney stones. [Treating Kidney Stones]

Polycystic Kidney Disease

It is an inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts will develop in your kidneys. These cysts are noncancerous round sacs containing water-like fluid. Accumulation of more fluid can lead to larger growth of the cysts.

Diabetic Nephropathy

It is a type of kidney disease that occurs in people with diabetes. Clinically, diabetic nephropathy is characterized by a progressive increase in proteinuria and decline inglomerular filtration rate, hypertension and a higher risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

Berger’s Disease

Next in the list of common types of kidney diseases in humans is Berger’s disease. It is also known as IgA nephropathy. Many people around the world are affected with this type of glomerulonephritis.

Glomerulonephritis is a type of kidney disease, in which glomeruli of kidney gets inflamed. This kidney disease is characterized by IgA antibody deposition in glomeruli of kidney.

Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis

It is a scar tissue in the filtering unit of kidney. Usually this structure is called as glomerulus, which serves as a filter keeps the body away from entering harmful substances. There are thousands of glomeruli in each kidney.

Here Focal means some of the glomeruli become scarred. Segmental means only a part of individual glomerulus is damaged.

Alport Syndrome

It is a genetic disorder characterized by kidney disease. People with Alport syndrome experience progressive loss of kidney functioning. Most of the affected individuals may notice blood in their urine, which indicates abnormal functioning of the kidneys.

Most people with this condition may also notice higher levels of protein in their urine. With progression of this condition, kidneys gradually stop their functioning thus resulting in end-stage renal disease.

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