How to Treat Kidney Stones Calcium Oxalate?

By on August 28, 2013

Kidney Stones Calcium OxalateThe most common types of kidney stones are composed predominantly of calcium oxalate. Calcium oxalate stones are combinations of calcium and oxalates.

Calcium oxalate is formed in the large intestine when dietary sources of calcium combined with salt of oxalic acid. Oxalate is usually produced in the liver, but also found in several foods.

Some factors like genetics, being adult, certain diets, dehydration, being obese, high dose of vitamin D, intestinal bypass surgery and several metabolic disorders may also increase the concentration of calcium oxalate. Approximately, one million Americans afflict calcium oxalate kidney stones each year.

Treatment for kidney stones calcium oxalate:

If you experience severe pain and any kidney problem, seek your family doctor advice as he or she may refer you to a doctor who is specialized in treating urinary tract problems.

To diagnose kidney stones calcium oxalate, your doctor will perform urine, blood and imaginary tests like an abdominal x-ray and CT scan which help to diagnose the problem that can lead to kidney stones.

Small stone generally passes through the urinary tract without treatment where as large stones block urine flow which in turn causes severe pain, you may require urgent treatment.

Treatment for small kidney stones calcium oxalate:

Most of these kidney stones don’t need invasive treatment, but small stones passed by:

  • Drinking water: Drink at least 12 glasses of water per day as this will help to flush excess calcium and oxalate from the kidneys and also help to decrease urine acidity.
  • Taking pain medication: Passing a small stone may cause mild pain. To ease mild pain your doctor may suggest pain-killers like ibuprofen, naproxen sodium and acetaminophen.

Treatment for large kidney stones calcium oxalate:

Large stones cannot be easily dissolved with medical therapy and need more immediate treatment such as shock wave lithotripsy, ureteroscopy, and nephroscopy.

Shock wave lithotripsy:

This treatment is done by an urologist on an out-patient basis, by using general anesthesia. During this procedure, your doctor uses a machine called a lithotripter that generates shock waves, which are passed by the person’s body to crush the kidney stone into smaller pieces to pass more easily through the urinary tract.

Ureteroscopy:

This procedure is performed under local or general anesthesia. In ureteroscopy, your urologist will insert an ureteroscope equipped with a camera through your urethra and bladder to your ureter.

Urologist will then remove the stones. If the stone is larger, your doctor breaks it into small pieces, which will pass out in the urine. The patient generally goes home on the same day.

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy:

In this procedure, your doctor will make a small incision at the back. A wire-thin viewing instrument called a nephroscope is inserted through the incision and then removes kidney stones. This procedure is performed under general anesthesia, and the person remains in the hospital for one to two days until the recovery.

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