Eczema Dry Skin – What are the Symptoms and How To Treat it?

By on July 27, 2013

Eczema Dry Skin Eczema is a dry skin condition that appears as scaly, flaky and red patch. This condition varies from person to person and comes in different forms.

Eczema dry skin may appear at any age, but most common in children to young adults. Eczema is often found on the scalp, face, cheeks, elbows, arms, knees and legs.

Eczema can be a very stressful and irritating condition and make your daily routine challenging and uncomfortable. It affects female and male equally and is more common in people who have family history of allergies and asthma.

Eczema is not contagious, so you cannot catch it from someone else. The causes of the Eczema dry skin are still unknown, but there are some common risk factors that increase the risk of eczema such as:

  • Genetics
  • Food sources like soy, wheat, eggs, nuts and milk products can trigger eczema symptoms
  • Skin irritants such as harsh soaps, perfumes, chemicals and skin-care products
  • Environmental factors like bacterial toxins, air-borne allergens, pollution, hard water, house dust mite, etc.
  • Stress and anxiety

Symptoms of eczema:

An eczema symptom varies from person to person and varies according to the specific type of eczema. The most common symptoms of eczema dry skin include:

  • Skin redness
  • Itchiness
  • Swelling
  • Dry, scaly and crusted skin
  • Oozing blisters
  • Rash over the face, cheeks, face, behind ears, knees, buttocks, hands and feet
  • Bleeding from the blisters

Diagnosis of eczema:

If you have experienced any of these symptoms for long-term, it is advisable to meet your doctor as your doctor will recommend for the specialist based on your condition. Your doctor will examine your skin, ask about your family history and also ask about your present symptoms.

Eczema dry skin might have a similar appearance to other skin diseases, so the diagnosis is not always easy. In some instances, a skin biopsy may be taken in order to rule out whether the symptoms are due to eczema dry skin or other skin diseases.

Treatments for eczema dry skin:

Treatment may vary based on age, overall health, severity of the condition and also the factors that cause symptoms. The goals for the treatment of eczema are to prevent inflammation, discomfort, itching and to reduce infection and further flare-ups.

Skin care:

  • Try to keep your skin well hydrated through the application of ointments and creams several times a day.
  • Avoid over-bathing with harsh soaps.
  • Use mild soaps and products, which are free of perfumes.
  • Apply olive oil that is packed with antioxidants help to reduce the inflammation associated with eczema.
  • Use a good moisturizer on the skin immediately after bathing as this helps to keep your skin smooth and soft.
  • Avoid skin-care products with alcohol because alcohol will dry your skin.
  • Avoid foods that cause allergic reaction.
  • Use a humidifier in both winter and in the summer.

Medications:

There is no cure for eczema dry skin, but treatment can ease your symptoms. Some medications are used to treat eczema such as

  • Emollients help to keep your skin soft and moist.
  • Topical corticosteroids like hydrocortisone and hydrocortisone acetate may be used to reduce the inflammation, redness and itching associated with eczema.
  • Newer medications called immuno-suppressant, which helps to control your body’s immune system, such as tacrolimus and pimecrolimus ointment.
  • If itching is severe, your doctor will prescribe some oral antihistamines.
  • Antibiotics help with infected eczema.

Your doctor will also suggest for photo-therapy if needed. Photo-therapy utilizes ultraviolet light from special lamps to treat people who have severe eczema.

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