How Human Immunodeficiency Virus Affects Our Body?

By on July 5, 2013

The human immunodeficiency virus is one of the most serious and deadly diseases in human history. HIV virus is more commonly known as HIV, is an incurable sexually transmitted virus that attacks and gradually weakens your immune system.

The immune system is a complex system that fights against infection and illness to keep your body healthy. HIV is an RNA virus as it converts RNA to DNA that makes it retrovirus.

Virus can cause a person to develop the disease known as AIDS. HIV is transmitted through semen, vaginal fluid, blood and breast milk.

Human immunodeficiency virus damages the cells within the body called CD4 cells or T cells, which are a type of white blood cells help to protect your body against various bacteria, viruses and other germs.

Human Immunodeficiency VirusThis weakens your immune system as a result your body becomes weak and it is harder for your body to fight with infection and disease such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, lymphoma, and cervical cancer.

How human immunodeficiency virus affects your body?

  • HIV may cause ongoing infection within your body and lead to heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease and cancer.
  • Harms your brain and your ability to think.
  • It infects white blood cells that weaken the immune system of your body and susceptible to infection.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus infects cells of the immune system called CD4 cells that weaken your immune system.
  • This virus attacks the cells of the brain, digestive system, nervous system and lymphatic system.
  • Many people who are living with HIV virus may experience abnormal fat changes and metabolic complications.
  • If your immune system severely weakened, you may develop various ‘opportunistic infection’ such as kaposi’s sarcoma, throat and vaginal infection, cytomegalovirus and pneumonia.
  • If you have a low CD4 cell count, you may experience menstrual changes.
  • HIV virus also attacks your body’s ability to produce the hormones like estrogen and progesterone. This will affect your fertility and cause an early menopause in women and impotence in men.
  • People with HIV may have weak bone density and cause osteoporosis.
  • If your CD4 cells count is low, you may experience some stomach-related infections such as loss of appetite, heart burn, diarrhea, bloating and vomiting.
  • HIV is also associated with wasting syndrome, which is the automatic weight loss. You may lose more than 10% of your body weight due to diarrhea and fever.

There is no cure for human immunodeficiency virus or AIDS, but there are many treatment options available to those who have infected with HIV virus. The most successful treatment for HIV is anti-retroviral drugs, which help to increase your immune system and decrease the amount of viruses in person’s system.

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