Know About Different Types Of Cerebral Palsy

By on July 8, 2013

Cerebral palsy is a disorder occurs due to brain injury in certain parts of the brain that slowly affects the body posture and the movements.

This particular condition is found in newborns, which usually affects the newborn’s life in the first 2 years.

In this disorder, several difficulties noticed such as a problem with speech, uncontrolled movements, hearing problems, urinary control problems, digestive problems, eating difficulties and muscle stiffness are some of the complications linked to CP.

Cerebral palsy is affecting 800,000 people in the united stated. The known possible causes of cerebral palsy include premature birth, abnormal brain development, bleeding in the infant’s brain and infection during early pregnancy.

Types Of Cerebral PalsyThere is no permanent cure for cerebral palsy, but there are several treatment options that help to improve the functionality of the body.

There are different types of cerebral palsy, but each one affects different parts of the brain. Based on your child’s condition, your doctor will determine the appropriate treatment for your loved one.

Types of cerebral palsy:

There are various types of cerebral palsy such as spastic cerebral palsy, ataxic cerebral, anthetoid cerebral palsy and mixed cerebral palsy.

Spastic cerebral palsy: It is the most common form of disorder, which occurs when the brain damages in the outer layer of the brain. Spastic cerebral palsy will disrupt normal growth in children that affects the child’s muscles and the joints of the hands and legs which limit the movement. These children will not move from one place to another place without help.

Spastic cerebral palsy is again classified based on the area of the body affected by brain injury, such as hemiplegic, diplegic, quadriplegia, monoplegia and triplegia.

Ataxic cerebral palsy: Damages to the cerebellum, which is located at the base of the brain, can result in ataxic cerebral palsy that causes poor co-ordination of the muscle movement.

Approximately, 5 to 10% of patients suffer from this order. Children with ataxic CP have difficulties in controlling the movement of their hands, legs and feet, which make it a problem to walk and sit.

There is no permanent cure for this disorder, but drug treatments are found to reduce their effects.


Anthetoid cerebral palsy: This type of cerebral palsy is caused by brain damages to the basal ganglia, which is located in the midbrain region. Anthetoid CP is characterized by slow, uncontrolled and twisting movements of the body.

Uncontrolled movements generally happen in arms, hands, feet and legs. Sometimes it also affects the muscles of the face and tongue, resulting in odd facial expressions, speech difficulties, drooling and frowning.

Mixed cerebral palsy: The fourth and main among the types of cerebral palsy is mixed cerebral palsy. Some people have symptoms of more than one type of cerebral palsy, indicating injuries to several parts of the brain. It is a combination of spasticity and athetoid movements.

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