Know The Various Dementia Causes and Treatment Options

By on November 7, 2014

Dementia is a medical condition that describes various symptoms of cognitive decline, such as forgetfulness.

Usually this term is used to illustrate impairments to memory, thinking and communication.

Though the possibility of dementia increases with age, it is not a normal part of aging. Apart from aging, there are several factors that can cause dementia, such as:

Usually, death of various brain cells and neurodegenerative disease can cause dementia. There are some other causes like, head injury, stroke, brain tumor, etc.

Dementia Causes

Dementia Causes and TreatmentSome causes are very simpler to understand based on how they affect the person’s brain and can lead to dementia:

  • Head injury – Post-traumatic dementia is linked to death of brain cells caused by any kind of head injury.
  • Cerebrovascular disease – Vascular dementia is the result of death of brain cells caused by conditions like cerebrovascular disease, for instance stroke. Any kind of brain stroke can disturb the normal blood flow thus reducing the flow of oxygen to the brain cells.
  • Traumatic brain injury –Some people may have repetitive brain injuries such as sports people, who are linked to certain type of dementias shown in their later life.
  • HIV infection – There is no clear study that indicates how HIV can lead to dementia, but it is simply termed as HIV-associated dementia.
  • Reversible factors – Some kind of dementias can be treated by reversing the effects of underlying causes, such as depression, medication interaction, vitamin deficiency, and thyroid abnormalities.

Dementia Treatment Options

There are some treatment options that can help dealing with dementia. Even though it is a challenge, there are some helpful strategies that can ease your journey.

  • Emotional caring of yourself: When you are dealing with dementia, make sure that you get enough emotional support from your closer ones. Ask the help of any of your friends and loved ones. You can even join a dementia support group or talk to a counselor or therapist.

  • Treating the underlying conditions: Watch for conditions that make dementia symptoms even worse, such as depression, sleep disturbances, and any medication interactions. Treating these conditions can help ease the symptoms of dementia.
  • Behavior modification: Rewarding appropriate or positive behavior and neglecting inappropriate behavior may also help control unacceptable or dangerous behaviors.
  • Prescription medications: Prescription medications do not stop the disease or reverse the brain damage, but they can help relieve the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Medications can help ease the quality of patient’s life, reduces the dependency on caregivers, and avoid admission to a nursing home.

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