Chronic and Debilitating Lung and Respiratory Disorders

By on June 3, 2013

Lung and respiratory disorders can affect any kind of people irrespective of their age. Among those some disorders are chronic and even life-threatening.

Educating yourself about these chronic lung and respiratory disorders can help to avoid the condition in its early stages.

Here are the most common lung and respiratory disorders :


Eczema is a chronic skin condition that causes dryness of the skin. Some of the most common symptoms of this condition are skin redness, swelling, itching and dryness.

Lung and Respiratory DisordersMany times it is found in families those who have a history of asthma and hay fever. It appears on the face, knee, hands and feet.


Asthma is a chronic condition in which your airways become narrow, swell and produce extra mucus. It may happen due to dust, animals, chemicals in air or food, smoking, pet dander, respiratory infection and changes in weather condition.

Asthma leads to cough, wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness. Asthma is treated with two kinds of medicines,such as quick-relief medicine to stop asthma symptoms and long-term control medicine to prevent symptoms.

Chronic lung diseases:

Lung diseases are some of the most common medical condition in the U.S due to smoking, infection and genetics.There are two types of lung diseases like obstructive lung diseases and restrictive lung diseases.

In obstructive lung diseases, the air passages get blocked and the result is in decreasing the exhale of air flow. The disorders such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, emphysema and bronchiectasis are caused by blockages of lungs.

Restrictive lung diseases result into loss of lung tissue and decrease the ability to transfer oxygen to the bloodstream. The disorders such as lung cancer, pulmonary fibrosis and pneumonia are caused by restrictive lung disease.


Pneumonia is an infection caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites, which affect the human lungs. Pneumonia is a contagious disease, and it can spread in the air. The symptoms of pneumonia include: fever, cough, fast heartbeat, feeling very weak, vomiting, diarrhea and shortness of breath.

Sleep apnea:

Sleep apnea is a common night time breathing disorder that affects men and women of all ages .If you left untreated, sleep apnea can also lead to serious health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, heart disease, depression and weight gain.

The major signs and symptoms of sleep apnea are loud snoring, morning headache, awakening with a dry mouth, daytime sleepiness and long pauses in breathing.


Hives is an allergic skin reaction that causes red, raised and itchy welts. Hives will vary in size from small spots to large. A wide variety of substances will cause hives in sensitive people such as drugs, foods, insect bites and stings.

Hives are easily diagnosed by visual inspection. They can appear anywhere on the body, including the face, lips, throat, ears and tongue.

Cystic fibrosis:

Cystic fibrosis is one of the most common genetic disorders. Cystic fibrosis mostly affects the lungs, pancreas, liver, sinuses, intestines and sex organs. Cystic fibrosis signs and symptoms may vary based on the severity of the disease.

The symptoms of cystic fibrosis are frequent coughing, diarrhea, foul smelling, pancreatitis, liver disease, diabetes, gallstones, severe constipation and dehydration. Doctors will diagnose cystic fibrosis based on various test results like sweat chloride test.

Gastroesophageal reflux:

Gastroesophageal reflux is a common digestive condition that results in a burning sensation that runs up from the stomach to the throat. The common symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux include heartburn, sore throat, dry cough, difficulty in swallowing, loss of appetite and an unpleasant sour taste in the mouth.

The risk factors for reflux are obesity, pregnancy, alcohol and smoking. Making lifestyle changes like quitting smoking, losing weight and changing your eating habits can help to treat the symptoms of reflux.


It is a form of rapid swelling that occurs in the mucous membranes, dermis, subcutaneous fat and sub mucosal tissues. The most common causes of angioedema are animal dander, pollen, foods, exposure to water, sunlight, heat and cold, insect bite and drug allergy.

Common symptoms of angioedema include swelling of the face, abdominal pain, itchiness on the swollen areas and urticaria.


If you have a nasal congestion, facial pressure, cough and thick nasal discharge, you may have rhinosinusitis commonly referred as sinusitis. Sinusitis is an inflammation of the air cavities within the passages of the nose caused by infection and other problems like allergies and chemical irritation of the sinuses.

There are different types of sinusitis such as acute sinusitis, sub acute sinusitis, chronic sinusitis and recurrent sinusitis. The most common symptoms of any type of sinusitis are sinus headache, pain in the sinuses, fever, cough, facial tenderness, nasal stuffiness and sore throat.

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