Top Rare Communicable Diseases

By on February 21, 2014

Communicable diseases are world’s biggest killers among children and one of the top reasons for adult deaths.

Communicable diseases or infectious diseases are mainly resulted from small life forms like virus, bacteria etc. The following are the list of top rare communicable diseases.

MRSA

Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) is a staph bacterium which is commonly found on skin and in the nose of normal and healthy people.

MRSA infections are minor skin infections that are treated without antibiotics by a healthcare provider.

Rare Communicable DiseasesThe bacteria actually spread through direct physical contact infections including blood stream infections and pneumonia. It cannot spread with coughing unless the diseased person has MRSA pneumonia.

Hantavirus

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)is a most uncommon respiratory disease triggered by hantavirus. Though it is rare, HPS is fatal. The primary transporters for the virus are deer but rodents can also carry the virus as well.

The infected virus is shed in the urine, droppings and saliva of rodents. Humans can get infected when they breathe in the virus through air when nesting materials and rodent droppings are agitated but they cannot transmit the virus to one another.

Pertussis

Pertussis or whooping cough is a contagious disease of respiratory system and lungs. It is usually caused by bacteria that are spread through tiny wet drops released when infected person coughs talks or sneezes.

People with pertussis spread the disease from the time they get a runny nose to up to 3 weeks after their cough begins.

4. West Nile virus (WNV)

WNV is a potentially serious infection and seasonal epidemic that flares up in summer and continues to the fall. It actually spreads through humans and animals as well through a mosquito bite. Mosquitoes can become infected when they nourish on infected birds.


Person to person transmission of WNV does not happen. However, human WNV infections are associated with blood transfusions or organ transplants.

5. Prion Disease

The prion diseases also called as transmissible spongi form encephalopathies that are described as progressive deterioration of brain. The prion diseases to human are always fatal and acquired through medical treatment, diet; blood transfusion, surgery and some are reflected genetic.

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