The Commonly Found Water Contamination Diseases

By on July 9, 2016

Water contamination diseases are commonly known as waterborne diseases. These diseases are caused when pathogenic microorganisms spread into our body through contaminated water.

Different sources of pure drinking water need to be treated in the appropriate manner because they are subject to contamination.

Different contaminants in drinking water can result in adverse health conditions like reproductive problems, neurological disorders and gastrointestinal illness.

Pregnant women, young children, the elderly, infants and the people who have compromised immune systems might be the victims of waterborne diseases.

Water Contamination Diseases

Common Water Contamination Diseases

Some of the most common water contamination diseases are listed below:


Amoebiasis is one of the most common water contamination diseases. This is an intestinal disease, which is caused by a protozoan known as Entamoeba histolytica. A person gets affected to this disease, when that person drinks something, which is contaminated with this protozoan.

Symptoms of Amebiasis are abdominal pain, mild to chronic diarrhea, fatigue, blotting, weight loss and fever. In general, medication are prescribed for treating amebiasis effectively.


It is one of the most rapidly spreading diseases caused due to contaminated water. The bacterium Vibrio Cholerae is the main cause of this disease. The symptoms of this disease can be identified in two or three days and the symptoms include vomiting, cramps and nausea.

Clean drinking water, proper hygiene and sanitation are quite important in order to get rid of this disease.


This waterborne disease is caused due to Campylobacter bacterium, which is also known as C.jejuni bacteria. A person gets affected to this disease, when that person drinks water contaminated with feces.

Symptoms of Campylobacteriosis include fever, headache, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and dysentery. Improper hygiene of individuals working around animals can be the major cause of this disease. This is because cattle are major reservoirs for the bacterium that causes this problem.

Typhoid Fever

Salmonella Typhi is the main microbial agent that causes typhoid fever. Typhoid is caused by bacteria known as Salmonella typhi. It is basically a hub of different diseases caused mainly due to consumption of water contaminated with feces of infected person.

Patients suffering from this disease experience abdominal rash, cramps, diarrhea, constipation, loss of appetite, and weight loss. Typhoid fever treatment involves in prescription of antibiotics.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is also one of the commonly affected water contamination diseases. This disease is caused by hepatitis A virus, which affects the liver. A person gets infected with Hepatitis A, when he drinks water contaminated with hepatitis A virus.

Symptoms of hepatitis A, which you need to look for, include fever, fatigue, jaundice, diarrhea, weight loss, loss of appetite, dark colored urine, light or clay colored stool, and abdominal discomfort.

There is no particular method of treatment available for hepatitis A. Symptoms gradually disappear in few weeks to months. Treatment is given only to maintain comfort and proper nutritional balance.

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