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How Cholera Is Treated? Know The Various Methods Used
Cholera is an infectious disease, in which affected person will have severe watery diarrhea. This diarrhea can result in severe dehydration, and even result into death.
Cholera infection is caused in intestine by the bacteria known as Vibrio cholera. Cholera shows symptoms like severe watery diarrhea, vomiting and leg cramps.
A person gets attacked to cholera, when that person drinks water or eats food contaminated with the feces of cholera infected person.
It is important to know how cholera is treated because if this infection is left untreated can result into death of the infected person. Every year many people get infected to cholera worldwide, and about 100,000 people are dying due this disease annually.
So, How Cholera Is Treated?
Let us have a look at how cholera is treated using various options available:
Oral Rehydration Solution
Oral rehydration solution is the most effective cholera treatment. In most of the cholera cases, it is treated with the use of oral rehydration solutions. Oral rehydration solutions help in treated diarrhea effectively, and it also very safe and easy to administer.
Oral rehydration solutions are actually sachets of sugar and salts, which is to mixed in water and need to drunk in large amounts.
Fluid replace through intravenous is needed in severe cases of cholera, where the diarrhea is severe. Intravenous rehydration will help in regaining lost fluids from body. Ringer’s lactate is the commonly used intravenous rehydration solution. This is generally given with added potassium.
Sometimes antibiotics are also prescribed along with rehydration solutions for treating cholera. Using antibiotics will help in reducing the severity of the disease, and also shorten the period of rehydration solutions. Antibiotics are generally prescribed for 1 to 3 days.
Some of the effective antibiotics that prescribed for treatment of cholera are Doxycycline, cotrimoxazole, tetracycline, and furazolidone.
You need to remember one thing that if you are traveling in cholera effected area, and develop severe diarrhea, then it is important to seek immediate medical assistance.
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