What are Various Hepatitis C Transmission Routes?

By on November 22, 2013

Are you HCV positive? Just be aware of its modes of transmission so that there is less chance of transmitting it to others.

This is mainly transmitted with blood to blood contact. So, following the safety precautions is an essential thing for people who are diagnosed with hepatitis C.

What is Hepatitis-C?

Hepatitis C is a condition of inflamed liver. It is mainly caused due to HCV virus and also it is hard to eliminate the virus from the body hence the condition becomes chronic.

Various modes of HCV transmission :

HCV can spread through several modes of transmission but most efficiently transmits through direct exposure to infected blood. Transmission of HCV virus is mostly happen through two common exposures such as injection drug use and blood transfusion.

Hepatitis C Transmission Routes1. Injection Drug Use

Injection drug use has been one of the main modes of transmission. When compared to other infections, HCV is developed mainly after the introduction of intravenous drug use.

The most common and principle route of transmission is through needles that are shared among the users of the illicit drugs. Accidental needles, sharps or sticks in the health care centers can also transmit the HCV virus.

2. Blood Transfusion

Hepatitis C virus begins to show its effect in the blood of infected people. When the people come in personal contact with infected blood that contains virus then transmission of virus happens through infected blood products. This is known as blood-blood transmission or contact. Even microscopic quantities of blood may transfer hepatitis C.

3. Sexual Transmission

HCV transmission through sex is controversial and inefficient. History of sexually transmitted infection includes sex with prostitute, having sex with more number of sexual partners or combination of these two reasons has been associated with positive HCV.


4. Household Transmission

The transmissions of HCV between household contacts of people who had HCV infection are low. Besides most studies have shown that minimum number of non-sexual contacts include the children born to mothers who have HCV infection.

Hence, it is hard to demonstrate whether non-blood contact or non-sexual contact is a route for HCV transmission.

5. Tattoos and Body Piercing:

People can get infected with hepatitis C virus even with unsterile body piercing or tattooing procedures. Anyone considering a tattoo or a piercing must make sure of their body piercer or tattoo artist using infection control processes that means single-use disposable needles, surgical gloves, dye tubs and more.

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