5 Most Common Types of Infectious Diseases in Children

By on June 3, 2013

Fever and runny nose are very common problems among babies and children. Usual symptoms of infectious diseases in kids can be very difficult to find out.

Infectious diseases include any kind of illness or disease caused by germs, like viruses and bacteria.

While you may take some steps to prevent the infection and disease through proper hygiene and also other practices, kids are usually at an increased risk for such conditions since their immune system is still developing and also simply due to exposure.

Here are the most common infectious diseases that can affect the children:

1. Gastroenteritis

Infectious DiseasesThis is usually caused due to viral infections and then result in diarrhea and vomiting. Easily these viruses spread from one person to another.

There are different viruses that can lead to gastroenteritis problems, such as norovirus and rotavirus.

Symptoms: Symptoms include watery diarrhea and vomiting, along with fever, headache, muscle ache, and nausea. These symptoms may last for 1 to 2 days, sometimes even longer.

Treatment: Actually there is no particular treatment method for this except drinking lots of liquids and rest. However this can become serious for infants, and for people who have suppressed immune system.

2. Shingles and Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a very common infection that is caused by virus, which can later appear in life as shingles. To prevent this condition, vaccine is suggested during the infancy as well as fornon-immune adults.

Chickenpox can be caused by herpes zoster virus. Usually in children it causes a mild illness. This can become sever in immune suppressed people and adults.

Symptoms: This illness begins on a sudden onset of mild fever, skin rash [Types of Skin Rashes], and runny nose. Usually rash begins like small lumps and then turns into the blisters and then into scabs. Usually the symptoms occur 2 weeks after exposure to virus.

Treatment: This can be treated using special antiviral drug like acyclovir. Usually chickenpox can be resolved without getting any treatment.

3. Influenza

Flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused due to influenza virus. Getting influenza virus every year can protect your children from influenza.

Symptoms: Symptoms include chills and fever, sore throat, runny nose, cough, joint pains, fatigue, headaches, and muscle aches.

Treatment: Influenza symptoms can be managed with bed rest and also taking simple analgesics for pains and muscle aches. Children who are 16 must not get aspirin containing medicines while they are with influenza. This may develop the risk of Reye syndrome, which is a form of liver disease and encephalitis.

Influenza specific antiviral medication can ease the symptoms and duration of the influenza but they need to be taken within 2 days after the first symptoms appeared. These medicines should be suggested by doctor, and these are usually recommended for people who are at higher risk from influenza infection.

4. Mumps

This is a viral infection, which occurs mainly in the school aged kids. MMR vaccine with Immunisation can prevent this. People who are having mumps should stay away from other people for at least 9 days.

Symptoms: Common symptoms include loss of appetite, headaches, tiredness and fever followed by tenderness and swelling of salivary glands. Mumps can be more severe in people who are infected after puberty.

Treatment: No specific treatment for this illness. Taking simple analgesics such as paracetamol can reduce fever and pain. Cold or warm packs can provide relief.

5. Measles

This is very serious than chickenpox. It can be best prevented by the MMR vaccination. Serious complications of this illness include pneumonia and death.

Symptoms: Measles begin like cough and cold with water eyes and sore throat. Your kid will gradually become more unwell, with the increased body temperature. Rash can appear after 3rd or 4th day. These spots are red andblotchy, which last for 1 week.

Treatment: People with this infection are usually advised to take rest, have lots of liquids, and take paracetamol to cure fever. Person who is infected with measles must remain in home in order to decrease the possibility of spreading the disease to others.

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