Heart Disease Due To Lung Disease – Know The Exact Problems

By on October 17, 2013

It is very shocking to hear about heart disease due to lung disease. The most important factors that cause lung and heart diseases are smoking cigarettes, high cholesterol level and obesity.

Many other factors causing heart and lung diseases are increased level of stress, lack of sleep and improper eating habits.

There are many varieties of lung problems that cause heart diseases including disorders of the lungs, like bronchitis or asthma, chest pain, inflammation of the lining of the lungs and infection of the lungs i.e. pneumonia.

Various conditions that cause heart disease due to lung disease:

Bronchiectasis and Heart Disease

Heart Disease due to Lung DiseaseBronchiectasis is a medical condition that causes heart disease due to lung disease. It damages the airways causing them to become flabby, widen and scarred. The airways are tubes that carry air in and out of lungs.

Bronchiectasis is mainly caused by an infection or other reasons that damages the walls of airways and also prevents from clearing mucus which is a slimy in nature.

It helps in removing bacteria, inhaled dust and other tiny particles from airways. This leads to severe lung infection.

As a result, airways cannot perform its work properly to pump air from the lungs. So that body cannot receive enough oxygen to perform their works. Advanced disease leads to various health problems such as respiratory failure, heart failure and atelectasis.

COPD and Heart Disease

As COPD is a type of respiratory disorder, it can cause heart disease due to lung disease. If you are a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patient, then you might be at higher risk for heart failure diseases. It can affect the lungs directly.

It can also have secondary effect on other parts of the body including heart. COPD is also responsible for health issues like Cor pulmonale and pulmonary hypertension. Generally, blood flows from heart to lungs easily.

COPD could make arteries stiff and narrow that makes it harder to flow blood into the lungs, resulting in pulmonary hypertension.

As the heart pumps blood with pressure through damaged lungs, then it will enlarge the right ventricle to compensate, a condition called as Cor pulmonale. This enlargement would be a temporary solution; however, extra strain on heart leads to heart failure.

Pulmonary Emphysema and Heart Disease

Emphysema is a chronic lung disease which affects air sacs or alveoli. Air sacs or alveoli will get narrowed, collapsed, destroyed, stretched and over inflated. Alveoli walls get damaged by over-inflation of air sacs thus causing disturbance in respiratory function and breathlessness.

Damage of air sacs can cause holes in the tissues of lungs. Improper functioning can lead to heart disease due to lung disease.

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

It is an infectious disease starts with flu-like symptoms that progresses rapidly and become life-threatening. There are many kinds of Hantavirus which infects humans causing Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.

The infected virus is transferred by rodents. In many cases, infection is caused by inhaling the infected viruses that are released or excreted by rodents through urine and feces.

The virus attacks by causing damage to lungs and resulting cough with mucus, shortness of breath and lung fluid accumulation. Finally leads to heart disease due to lung disease.

ARDS and Heart Diseases

ARDS is a chronic lung disease which reduces the levels of oxygen in the blood. It is a life threatening disease as your body organs requires enough oxygen to work properly. Capillaries are the small blood vessels that run through the air sacs carrying oxygen into the blood stream.

Blood transfers the oxygen to every part of the body including organs. In ARDS patients, air sacs are filled up with fluids which prevents the movement of blood in the blood stream and lung functioning.

As a result, body organs including heart cannot work properly since they don’t get enough oxygen to work well.

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