Different Types of Heart Attack Surgery Procedures

By on July 18, 2013

The two most common heart attack surgery procedures are coronary angioplasty, and coronary artery bypass graft. Heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart muscle is interrupted.

Heart attacks are the major cause of death in women and men around the world and approximately 1 million individuals have a heart attack every year.

Heart attack is an emergency condition that needs immediate treatment to improve the outcomes by preventing the complications.

Certain risk factors can cause heart attack such as obesity, smoking, high blood pressure, lack of physical activity, diabetes and blood cholesterol.

Heart Attack SurgeryHeart disease is one of the main reasons for heart attacks, so it’s necessary for you to know the causes as it helps to avoid the heart diseases to enjoy a long life.

If you have a heart attack, you may experience symptoms like sweating, nausea, chest pain, shortness of breath and weakness. A person who experiences one or more symptoms of heart attack needs immediate medical attention.

When you consult your doctor tell him about your symptoms as this helps to decide whether the pain is related to heart disease or not. Your doctor also suggests various diagnostic tests that help to decide the pain is due to heart attack or not.

Based on the diagnostic result, your doctor first suggests some preventive medicines. If medical therapy for a heart attack is not enough, your doctor further recommends for heart attack surgery.

Heart Attack Surgery Types:

Your doctor may consider your medical history, condition and other factors when choosing the best heart attack surgery option for you. There are different types of surgeries for coronary heart disease, but two of them are most commonly used surgeries like Coronary angioplasty and Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG).

Coronary angioplasty:

During this heart attack surgery:

  • Surgeons made a small incision in the groin area.
  • A tiny and flexible tube known as catheter with an attached deflated balloon at the end is threaded and passed through a small incision to your blood vessels and up to your heart.
  • X-rays are used to see the catheter, your heart and coronary arteries. Based on these pictures your surgeon will identify the blockage location in your heart.
  • Once the blockage location is identified, a thread inside the catheter is pushed through the blocked area, and the balloon attached to a catheter is inflated inside the narrowed part of the artery to open it wide.
  • A flexible metal mesh like stent is inserted into the artery open that help to reduce the chance of another blockage.


Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG):

In some cases, a coronary angioplasty heart attack surgery will not be technically possible because the structure of your arteries is different from normal and there are too many narrow sections in your arteries. In such situation, an alternative surgical procedure known as a coronary artery bypass graft, which is a major heart attack surgery.

During this procedure:

  • Your cardiac surgeon will make an incision at the breastbone to open the chest area.
  • Once the blocked coronary arteries are determined, then a healthy blood vessel from another part of your body is taken generally from leg or chest.
  • Your cardiac surgeon will attach a new blood vessel to the blocked coronary artery above and below.
  • One to four arterial blood vessels will be bypassed with a graft through bypass heart attack surgery.
  • Your surgeon will close the incision with the help of absorbable stitches.
  • The surgery usually takes 4 to 6 hours.

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