Zika Virus – Everything You Need To Know

By on March 2, 2016

Zika Virus is a disease that spreads to human from Aedes mosquito bites. Aedes mosquito is the same mosquito, which spreads dengue fever, yellow fever, and chikungunya.

Symptoms Of Zika Virus Fever

Zika Virus fever does not show any clear symptoms during the time from exposure to symptoms. But after few days or week following symptoms are seen in the affected person.

  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Joint Pains
  • Red Eyes (Conjunctivitis)
  • Muscle Pains
  • Headaches
  • Malaise

zika virus

Transmission Of Zika Virus

  • Transmitted when an infected Aedes Mosquito bites
  • Sexual transmission (Just 2 cases were identified)
  • Blood transfusion
  • Mother to child womb

Zika Virus Infected Areas

Zika Virus outbreak has spread to Africa, Americas, Asia, and Pacific.

Zika Virus Complications

  • Neurological and Auto-immune complications observed during 2013 and 2015 Zika virus outbreaks French Polynesia and Brazil
  • Guillain–Barré syndrome, which is a rare condition in which a person’s immune system attacks their peripheral nerves.
  • Microcephaly is a birth defect where a baby’s head is smaller than expected when compared to babies of the same sex and age.

Zika Virus And Pregnancy

  • In recent times, increased cases of babies born with Microcephaly were observed in Zika Virus outbreak places of northeast Brazil.
  • Investigations are going on about the link between Zika virus and Microcephaly.

Zika Vuris Facts:

  • In 1952 first infected humans were identified in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania
  • 1 out of 5 people who are infected with Zika virus become ill.
  • Symptoms, which are generally mild and last for several days to week
  • Infected person does not fall that sick that he or she gets hospitalized.
  • In very rarest rare case, a person infected with Zika virus die.

How To Identify An Aedes Mosquito

How to differentiate Aedes Mosquito from Regular Mosquitoes

  • They are with black and white markings on their body and legs
  • Unlike other mosquitoes, they bite only during daytime
  • They bite particularly in early morning hours and in evening before dusk.

Zika Virus Treatment

  • There is no vaccine to prevent Zika virus infection
  • As of now there is no specific treatment for Zika Virus
  • Supportive therapy medicines are available only to control symptoms. Infected person need to take plenty of rest and fluids.
  • If you are thinking of traveling to Zika virus occurring areas, then follow the guidelines provided by your country.

Preventive Steps

People living Zika virus occurring places should prevent themselves from getting bitten by mosquito by following these steps

  • Wear long-sleeves, light colored shirts and trousers.
  • Use mosquito repellent creams to your body during early in the morning and in evening before dusk.
  • If your children, or elders in your home sleep during daytime, then let them sleep in bed covered with mosquito nets.

Source:
who.int
cdc.gov
wikipedia.org

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