How To Treat Diabetic Ketoacidosis?

By on February 6, 2014

Diabetes is like a bad friend! Yes, diabetic patients often suffer from ketoacidosis.

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a condition which happens when the body is unable to use sugar as fuel source as there is no enough sugar to produce insulin.

Today let us know about the treatment options of diabetic ketoacidosis. Have a look!

Fluid Replacement Therapy

Fluid replacement is the primary and most crucial treatment for diabetic ketoacidosis.

This therapy can reverse dehydration, restores normal sugar as well as electrolyte balance and lowers blood acid levels.

Treat Diabetic KetoacidosisFluids have to be administered wisely and intravenously as excess volume can put brain at risk of swelling.

Insulin Administration

Insulin administration is the initial treatment for diabetic ketoacidosis. Insulin replacement must be done only when serum potassium level is greater than 3.3mEq/L to avoid hypokalemia which is a life threatening complication.

Insulin therapy is usually dome through a vein. If your blood is no longer acidic then patient is recommended to stop intravenous insulin therapy and resume for subcutaneous insulin therapy.

Electrolyte Replacement

Correction of electrolyte disturbances especially potassium loss must be considered and closely monitored to treat diabetic ketoacidosis patients. Electrolytes are simply minerals in your blood carries electric charge like sodium, chloride and potassium.

The absence of insulin may lower the levels of many electrolytes in your blood. Patients can receive electrolytes through veins to help your nerve cells and muscles functioning normally.

Potassium Administration

Acidosis increases the potassium levels and glucose administered with insulin lowers them. Before getting treatment for diabetes Ketoacidosis, potassium levels are usually normal or elevated.

Potassium administration should be initiated once after the confirmation of urine output. 20 to 30 mEq of potassium is administered for each liter of fluid replacement. Once the potassium level reaches 3.3 mEq per L, then only insulin administration is initiated.

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