What Are Various Types Of Chronic Leukemia?

By on April 13, 2015

Leukemia is generally caused due to excessive production of immature or abnormal blood cells mostly leukocytes.

In general, leukemia starts in bone marrow, which in turn gradually production of high or abnormal levels of white blood cells.

Some of the common symptoms experienced by a Leukemia patient are feeling very tired, fever, bleeding and bruising problems, increase in risk of developing ininfections.

The different Types of Chronic Leukemia can be categorized based on how quickly the condition develops and then gets worse.

Types Of Chronic Leukemia

There are mainly two types of Chronic leukemia and they are as follows:

Types Of Chronic Leukemia

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia or CLL affects the lymphoid cells. It is a type of leukemia that grows very slowly and is quite common in more than 15000 people on a yearly basis. The people diagnosed with this type of chronic leukemia are generally above 55 years of age.

This type of chronic leukemia does not affect children. It generally begins in the lymphocytes present in bone marrow and then extends into blood. It also has the possibilities of spreading to organs like the spleen and the liver.

CLL develops due to the growth of excessive numbers of abnormal lymphocytes crowding the normal blood cells making it very difficult for an individual’s body to fight infections.

Chemotherapy, immunotherapy, stem cell transplant and radiation therapy are some common treatments for chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

Another common variety of chronic leukemia is Chronic Myeloid Leukemia or CML affecting the myeloid cells. This type of leukemia also grows very slowly and affects around 6000 people every year.

Chronic myeloid leukemia is also called chronic myelogenous leukemia affecting the blood and the bone marrow. This type of leukemia is a little different from the other types of Chronic Leukemia.

It is closely associated with abnormal chromosome called Philadelphia chromosome causing cancer. The treatments for chronic myeloid leukemia are the same as the treatments for chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

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