Treatment Options For Squamous Cell Removal

By on September 4, 2013

Squamous-cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer that is the second most common form of cancer that affects more than 250,000 Americans every year.

It is developed in the thin and flat squamous cells that make up the outer layer of the skin.

This form of skin cancer often appears on some areas of the skin, which are extremely exposed to the sun, such as rim of the ears, face, neck, lower lip, bald scalp, arms, legs and back of the hand.

They rarely appear before age 50 and are most often seen in individuals in their 70s.Squamous-cell carcinoma is not a life-threatening.

Squamous Cell RemovalIf you left untreated, Squamous cell carcinoma may grow large and spread to other parts of your body which in turn cause serious complications.

To diagnose skin cancer, your doctor will take a complete medical history and ask the patient about his/her past sun exposure and other recognized causes of skin cancer.

Your doctor may recommend for a biopsy that is required to confirm the diagnosis of squamous-cell carcinoma. If skin cancer is present, your doctor will discuss with you the best possible treatment options for squamous cell removal.

There are many different treatment options available for squamous cell removal such as,

  • Surgery
    • Excisional surgery
    • Electrodesiccation and curettage
    • Cryosurgery
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Excisional surgery for squamous cell removal:

Excisional surgery is performed under local anesthesia. In this surgery, your doctor uses a scalpel to remove the entire growth of squamous cell and additional tissue is removed prior to close the wound. The wound around the surgical site is then closed with stitches.

The specimen is sent to the pathology lab to confirm that the margins are clear of squamous cell.The cure rate for primary growths with this surgery is approximately 95%. It is useful in both primary and recurrent tumors.

Electrodesiccation and curettage for squamous cell removal:

Electrodesiccation and curettage is a simple, quick and effective method for destroying a small squamous cell. It is not suggested for larger tumors. After numbing the area with a local anesthesia, your surgeon will use a semi-sharp device with a spoon-shaped edge that helps to scrape the cancerous tissue.

A needle-shaped electrode is used to treat the area with an electric current which helps to control the bleeding and destroy remaining cancer cells around the edge of the wound. The wound tends to heal without stitches.

Cryosurgery for squamous cell removal:

Cryosurgery is used for some early squamous cells, particularly in individuals who cannot have surgery. It is not suggested for larger tumors and those on certain areas like ears, nose, eyelids, legs and scalp.

Photodynamic therapy for squamous cell removal:

Photodynamic therapy uses a special light that helps to remove skin cancer cells. This is a two-step process. Initially, your doctors apply a chemical to the lesion. The chemical remains on the skin for some time so that it can be absorbed.

In next step, the skin is exposed to a special light to kill the cancer cells. Photodynamic therapy causes little damage to healthy tissues.

Radiation therapy for squamous cell removal:

Radiation therapy is an effective treatment for squamous-cell skin cancer with a cure rate of approximately 90%. Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams like x-rays to kill the cancer cells, which are difficult to treat surgically.

There are two kinds of radiation therapy such as external radiation therapy and internal radiation therapy. Radiation sometimes used after surgery to destroy squamous cells that remain in the surrounding skin. A patient may need 15 to 30 radiation treatments.

Chemotherapy for squamous cell removal:

Chemotherapy is a squamous-cell carcinoma treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells. When a chemotherapy drug is taken by mouth or injected into a vein, the drug enters into the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body.

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