About Non Smoker Lung Cancer

By on July 1, 2013

Non smoker lung cancer is also one of the most common cancers that people get effected to.

It is the leading cause of cancer death in both women and men. It is the sixth common cause of cancer deaths.

Most of the people are under the myth that only smokers get lung cancer, but in fact non-smokers too get victimized to lung cancer.

They count to nearly 15% of lung cancer cases. Non smoker lung cancer occurs more commonly in women rather than in men.

The main causes of lung cancer in non-smokers include, genetics, prolonged exposure to asbestos, radon gas, air pollution, and other chemicals such as cadmium, arsenic, sulphur mustard, MOPP, etc.

Types of non smoker lung cancers:

Non Smoker Lung CancerThe most common types of non smoker lung cancers are adenocarcinoma and bronchoalveolar carcinoma.

Adenocarcinoma:

Adenocarcinoma is one of the most common types of lung cancers occur in women and often found in non-smokers. It is generally developed in the mucus membrane of your lungs and may be present for long time before symptoms occur.

Glandular tissue cancer is a type of adenocarcinoma, and it can affect various parts of the body such as breast, colon, stomach, prostate, cervix and pancreas as adenocarcinoma is a multi-factorial disease.

Symptoms:

The most common symptoms of non smoker lung cancer:

  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chronic cough with blood
  • Pain in shoulder, chest and back
  • Recurring lung infections like pneumonia and bronchitis.

Bronchoalveolar carcinoma (BAC):

This is another type of lung cancer mainly found in non-smokers, particularly in young female non-smokers. The reason for this cancer is not known, but the occurrence of BAC seems to be growing across the world.

Causes:

Non smoker lung cancer is a problematic condition caused by many factors like

  • Heredity
  • Asbestos exposure
  • Diet
  • Air pollution
  • Radon gas
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Environmental factors
  • Chronic exposure to second-hand smoking, also called as ‘passive smoking’ means staying with someone who smokes cigarettes.

Diagnosis:

If you suspect that you have Lung cancer, first and foremost thing that you should do is to visit your doctor as he or she will diagnose your problem by using several tests such as CT scan, chest X-ray, bone scans and fine-needle aspiration. These tests will help your doctor to identify whether you have a LC or not.

Treatment:

It is important to diagnose and treat the disease before the cancerous cells have affected to other parts of the body. Treatment is same for both smokers and non smoker lung cancer. The main treatments for lung cancer are surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

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