What Causes Joint Swelling? Common Diseases That Cause Joint Swelling

By on November 19, 2015

Do you intend to know what causes joint swelling? Joints are structures connecting two and even more than two bones in the body.

These are found in the knees, the hands, the hips and various other parts of the human body. Sift tissues generally cushion or surround the joints.

The joints tend to swell when fluid collects in the soft tissues cushioning or surrounding the joints.

Joint swelling might also be accompanied with joint stiffness and pain. In some people, the joint might also appear larger than normal or it might have an irregular shape.

What Causes Joint Swelling

So, What Causes Joint Swelling?

So, let us see what causes joint swelling? There are a number of common diseases that can cause joint swelling and they have been detailed below:


Osteoarthritis is considered one of the most common causes of joint swelling and this has been proved by the United States National center for Biotechnology Information. Osteoarthritis is a disease which is caused due to the natural destruction of the joint cartilage with time.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

This is an inflammatory form of arthritis which is also called an autoimmune disease. This a disease in which the human body starts attacking the healthy tissues mistakenly. It has been found through research that the people who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis also tend to suffer from the damage of the joint ligaments and tendons.


Osteonecrosis is also known as aseptic necrosis or avascular necrosis which occurs generally when the blood in a certain part of the bone results in the eventual collapse and death of the bone. It is a disease that can also result in joint swelling.


Sciatica is another common disease what causes joint swelling. It is a disease resulting in the inflammation of sciatic nerve which is also accompanied with joint swelling. In this disease pain is experienced, which starts from back and goes down the leg.

Paget’s Disease

Paget’s disease is another severe disorder resulting in the excessive formation and breakdown of bone causing the bones to get enlarged, weakened and misshapen. This disease does not affect the skeleton entirely but some bones and can be the main cause of joint swelling.

Photo Credits: draxe.com

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