What Does Complete Blood Panel Test Includes?
A complete blood panel test is a test used to determine a patient’s overall health and also check for a wide variety of health problems. It is also often known as full blood count or complete blood count.
This particular test is often done during a routine medical checkup that helps to identify blood diseases and disorders such as infections, anemia, clotting problems, immune system disorders and blood cancers.
Things That An Overall Blood Test Measures:
A complete blood panel test measures several factors and features of the blood, which includes:
Red blood cells:
The red blood cell count measures the number of RBCs, which help to transport oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. Low red blood cells count may indicate anemia, bone marrow failure, bleeding, over-hydration, iron deficiency and another disorder.
A high red blood cells count is often a sign of some lung disease, congenital heart disease, kidney disease and dehydration.
White Blood Cells:
White blood cells are the infection-fighting cells in your blood, and they are unique from the red blood cells. The main types of white blood cells are neutrophils, band cells, T-type lymphocytes, B-type lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils and basophils, which are also part of complete blood panel test.
Each type of cells plays a different role in defending your body. A low WBCs (leukopenia) count may indicate bone marrow disorder, autoimmune condition, severe infections and immune disorder.
A high WBCs (leukocytosis) count can indicate inflammation, blood cancer, asthma, allergies, tissue damage and severe stress. [High White Blood Cells And Cancer Link]
A platelet count is a test in order to determine how many platelets you have in your blood. Platelets are usually colorless blood cells that play a major role in blood clotting. They are smaller in size compared to white and red blood cells.
Platelets stop blood loss by clumping and creating plugs in the blood vessel holes. In case you have a low level of platelets count, you will be more prone to bleeding in different parts of the body. If you have high platelets count, you may have increased risk of internal blood clots.
Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen throughout the body. This kind of blood test determines the amount of hemoglobin in your blood. If your hemoglobin level is lower than normal, it can be a sign of anemia.
But, if your hemoglobin level is higher than normal, it can be the result of lung disease, polycythemia, dehydration, excessive vomiting, burn, heavy smoking and intense physical exercise.
Hematocrit measures the volume of a person’s blood that consists of red blood cells. A low percentage of hematocrit is often an indication of sickle-cell anemia, bone marrow failure, blood loss and nutritional deficiency like iron, folate and vitamin B12. A high percentage of hematocrit can indicate dehydration, eclampsia and polycythemia rubravera.
Mean Corpuscular Volume:
Mean corpuscular is a measure of the normal size of your red blood cells. It is helpful for identifying the type of anemia an individual may have. Abnormal level of MCV may indicate chronic disease, pregnancy, iron deficiency, thalassemia and blood cell destruction.