Know What Causes Low White Blood Cells Count

By on October 17, 2014

Do you want to know what causes low white blood cells count? Before that let’s see what exactly low white blood cells count is.

Low white blood cells count is nothing but decreased number of white blood cells in the blood. This condition is medically termed as leukopenia.

WBC are usually produced by bone marrow and are an essential part of immune system and a natural weapon to fight against bacteria, germs and viruses.

If you have reduced WBC count, you might be immune-suppressed and you have higher chance of affecting with more serious illnesses that don’t go away easily and sometimes they are very hard to treat.

What Causes Low White Blood Cells CountLow white blood cell count is usually discovered by your physician during the general diagnosis and treatment to an underlying disease or any other health condition. There are several causes of low white blood cells count.

There are a number of diseases, disorders, conditions and also certain medications can result in low WBC. However, during some cases the cause cannot be found.

Health Conditions that are the Causes of Low WBC Count:

Several conditions can either inhibit the production of bone marrow or even destroy white blood cells, such as:

  • Vitamin deficiency
  • Leukemia
  • Chemotherapy
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Infectious diseases
  • Lupus
  • Parasitic diseases
  • Some type of congenital diseases
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Malnutrition
  • Low neutrophil production
  • Hypersplenism

When any of the above mentioned conditions affects a person, then he/she may exhibit the following reaction that lead to low white blood cell count:

  • When a person is affected with congenital disorders, they will affect the white blood cells or cells in the bone marrow.
  • When a person is affected with cancer, it will damage the bone marrow.
  • When a person is affected with any kind of infection, then it will destroy the white blood cells faster than the rate at which they are produced.
  • When a person is affected with autoimmune diseases, then they will destroy the bone marrow cells and white blood cells.
  • When a person is affected with viral infections, then they will temporarily disrupt the functioning of bone marrow.

Medications that can Cause Low White Blood Cells Count

Certain type of medications or medical treatment for any underlying disease can lead to low blood cell count, such as:

  • Antihistamines
  • Antibiotics
  • Antithyroid drugs
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Arsenic
  • Chemotherapy drugs
  • Barbiturates
  • Diuretics
  • Sulfonamides
  • Radiation therapy

When person lacks white blood cells, then his/her body is unable to guard the body against viruses, fungus and bacteria. A compromised immune system can lead to many health risks.

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