Different Types of Blood Disorders in Children

By on June 3, 2013

Blood is a living tissue made with solids and liquids. The liquid part, known as plasma is made with salt, protein and water.

Nearly 55% of the blood constitutes of plasma. Solid part of the blood contains white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets.

Blood is the vital fluid that circulates through our body’s heart, veins, capillaries, and arteries.

It carries away the carbon dioxide and waste matter, and then brings electrolytes, vitamins, hormones, nourishment, heat, oxygen and antibiotics to the tissues.

Because of many and complex duties of blood, there is a possibility of occurrence of several blood disorders, which require clinical care by the healthcare professional.

There are many types of blood disorders in children, such as:

Blood Disorders

  • Anemia
  • Aplastic Anemia
  • Thalassemia
  • Hemolytic Anemia
  • Sickle Cell Disease
  • Iron Deficiency

Anemia: This is one of the most common blood disorders in children that results from lower red blood cells count than normal or lower concentration of the hemoglobin in blood. This is often a symptom of disease rather than the disease itself.

Based on your child’s symptoms and age, specific treatment can be advised by the child’s physician. Treatment will depend on the anemia type, cause, and your kid’s tolerance for specific methods, or therapies.

Aplastic Anemia: Usually aplastic anemia occurs if your bone marrow produces very few of all kinds of blood cells: white cells, platelets and red cells.

Reduced count of red blood cells can lead to hemoglobin drop. Reduced number of white blood cells can cause your kids to be susceptible for infections. With the reduced number of platelets, blood cannot clot easily.

Thalassemia: This is the genetic form of disease, which mostly affects Mediterranean heritage people.

Most of the people don’t have symptoms and also doesn’t require treatment and they are known as thalassemia minors. Kids who are Thalassemia majors need to transfer their blood frequently to relieve the symptoms of anemia.

Hemolytic Anemia: In children who have this condition, their overactive system will destroy their body’s own red blood cells, and cause anemia. To stop this process medicines are used to suppress immune system, like prednisone may be needed.

Sickle Cell Disease: This is an inherited blood disorder, which is characterized by the defective hemoglobin. This is also a genetic condition and mostly affects African-Americans.

Due to this disease, periodically red blood cells change their shape, and then block the blood flow. Organ damage and severe pain may also occur.

Iron Deficiency: This is the most common cause for anemia. Usually iron is needed for body to form hemoglobin. Low intake of iron containing foods and loss of blood because of menstruation are most common causes for iron deficiency. Treatment contains iron pills and rarely blood transfusion is required.

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