List of Blood Clotting Disorders

By on June 7, 2013

Blood clotting disorders, which is also known as Coagulopathy is one the leading causes of the deaths in USA. Every year, nearly 0.6 million people in America die with this cause. We can describe is as a group of the blood disorders with abnormal clotting.

Actually blood clotting is the process in which the blood changes its state from liquid to solid. Platelets are blood cells that help the blood to clot. When a blood vessel is injured, the body uses platelets and fibrin to form a blood clot to prevent blood loss.

But with blood clotting disorders, it will result in excessive or prolonged bleeding. In another type of blood clotting disorders, blood clots in veins and artery while it in normal circulation process.

There are many problems that can result into such disorders such as hereditary factors, pregnancy, heart attacks, injuries, immobilization and surgery.

There are some blood clotting disorders like haemophilia, thrombosis and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. These types of clots will be dangerous, if not treated properly.

1. Haemophilia:

Blood Clotting DisordersHaemophilia is a group of inherited blood clotting disorders in which the blood will not clot properly because of deficiency and abnormality.

his blood clotting disorder happens because of a problem in the blood vessels, coagulation system and in the blood platelets. People who are suffering from haemophilia generally bleed more than healthy people after an injury.

Cause: It is caused by reduced clotting factor and the absence of clotting factor. There are two types of haemophilia such as Haemophilia A and Homophile B. A deficiency of the clotting factor VIII leads to haemophilia A whereas a deficiency of the factor IX leads to haemophilia B.

Symptoms: Signs and symptoms of haemophilia consist of,

  • Several large and deep bruises
  • Blood in the urine
  • Unexplained nosebleeds
  • Joint pain
  • Unexplained bleeding and bruising
  • Tightness in the joints
  • Unexplained gum bleeding
  • Prolonged bleeding from the injuries

2. Thrombosis :

Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel. Blood clots will form in both veins and arteries of the body. When a blood clot obstructs a vein it is called as deep-vein thrombosis, and when a blood clot obstructs an artery is known as arterial thrombosis.Deep-vein thrombosis is a most common type and usually occurs in the legs.

Causes: There are several causes of blood clots such as injury to a vein, blood disorders, immobility, medications and various diseases like arteriosclerosis. Lifestyle habits like smoking and obesity are the risk factors of thrombosis.

Symptoms: When deep-vein thrombosis occurs, it shows symptoms such as:

  • Sometimes no symptoms
  • Leg pain on walking and standing
  • Swelling in the affected leg
  • Leg warmth
  • Enlarged leg veins
  • Change in your skin colours like pale, red and blue. If you develop any signs and symptoms of deep vein thrombosis, consult your doctor for guidance.

3. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)

ITP is one of the blood clotting disorders in which the immune system destroys platelets, which are essential for normal blood clotting. It is also called as immune thrombocytopenic purpura. It affects both children and adults. Children often develop ITP after a viral infection and they recover fully without treatment where as in adult the disorder is chronic.

Causes: ITP occurs when immune-system cells produce antibodies against platelets. The presence of antibodies on platelets leads to their destruction in the spleen.

Symptoms: The symptoms of ITP include:

  • Excessive bruising
  • Abnormally heavy menstruation
  • Minor cuts take a very long time to stop bleeding
  • Blood in the urine
  • Petechial rashes on the lower legs
  • Unusual bleeding from nose and mouth

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